The Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians at the Battle of Tewkesbury in the Wars of the Roses.
Governor Peter Minuit bought a 20,000-acre island, all of what is now Manhattan Island. The price? $24 worth of cloth and brass buttons.
The Cunard shipping line was founded by Samuel Cunard of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Chichester Bell and Charles Tainter received a US patent for the graphophone. This invention replaced Thomas Edison's phonograph, and featured wax-coated cylinders. These were considered an improvement over the phonograph's tinfoil cylinders, which had been delicate and difficult to remove.
The Terris-Dundee boxing match was the final event held at the old Madison Square Garden in New York City. Five different sites have been named Madison Square Garden over the years.
Public Enemy Number One, Al Capone, was jailed - in the Atlanta Penitentiary - for tax evasion.
Field Marshal Montgomery announced that all enemy forces in the Netherlands, Northwest Germany and Denmark had surrendered unconditionally; The U.S. 7th Army captured Hitler's country retreat of Berchtesgaden.
This was a tough day at the Kentucky Derby for Willie Shoemaker. He misjudged the finish line while aboard Gallant Man. In the winner’s circle at Churchill Downs was, instead, Iron Liege, ridden by jockey Bill Hartack. Gallant Man and Shoemaker did win the Belmont Stakes a few weeks later.
The soap opera Another World debuted on NBC.
National Guard troops killed 4 students during an anti-Vietnam War demonstration at Kent State University in Ohio. The four students killed were Allison Krause, Sandra Lee Scheuer, Jeffrey Glenn Miller and William K. Schroeder.
Margaret Thatcher became Britain's first woman prime minister with a majority of 43 seats in the House of Commons.
For the first time, live models were used for Playtex bra ads. This time, models didn’t have to be mannequins or women wearing the undergarments over dresses. The use of live models wearing bras crossed a previously taboo advertising line.
The space shuttle Atlantis was launched. Its main objective was to deploy the spacecraft Magellan, making this the first time that a craft was launched from a space shuttle. Magellan's mission was to map the surface of Venus.
Angela Bowie, former wife of pop singer David Bowie, announced on The Joan Rivers Show that she had caught Bowie in bed with men several times, and that one of those times included Rolling Stones singer Mick Jagger. David Bowie had told interviewers in the past that he was bisexual. Jagger had never made any such statement.