In what became known as the "Battle of Bannockburn," Scottish troops under the command of Robert the Bruce defeated English troops under the command of Edward II. This battle, in which the Scots were outnumbered four to one, was decisive in securing Scotland's independence from England 13 years later.
In the Hundred Years war, the British fleet destroyed the French at Sluys.
Jack Dempsey - Born in Manassa, Colorado in 1895, boxer Jack Dempsey won the world heavyweight championship from Jess Willard in 1919, then held the title for the next seven years.
Pablo Picasso's works alone could fill an entire museum and offer a history of art movements. For most of his creative career, Picasso seemed more interested in creating form than in imitating it, but his first exhibition in Paris on this day offered moody, representational paintings by a young artist with obvious talent.
The First Battle of the Somme began. It lasted five months and the death toll of more than 1 million resulted in an allied advance of 125 square miles.
Looking up at the sky, Kenneth Arnold of Boise, Idaho, reported he saw flying saucers over Mt. Rainier, Washington.
After airing for 27 years, and 7,222 episodes on CBS radio, "The Romance of Helen Trent" was heard for the last time. Helen and her boyfriend, Gil Whitney, were just about to be married, but never made it to the altar just in case the show was ever renewed.
Resurrection City, a shantytown constructed as part of the Poor People's March on Washington D.C., was closed down by authorities.
In New York City Raquel Welch's movie "Myra Breckinridge" premiered. Reviewers headed for the exits, giving the movie a thumbs down. Audiences thought the movie was good and made it a box office smash.
Directed by Ron Howard, the motion picture, "Cocoon," grossed some $7.9 million during its opening weekend across the United States. "Cocoon," which had an all-star cast, including screen legend Don Ameche, beat out "Rambo: First Blood, Part II" starring Sylvester Stallone, in first-weekend receipts. Howard first became famous as a child star playing Opie on the "Andy Griffith Show"; and later, as Richie Cunningham on "Happy Days."
The U.S. Senate approved "tax reform."